The Nanotechnology Initiatives Division has been directing its efforts for capacity building in area of nano electronics through establishing state-of-the-art research infrastructure and developing requisite skilled manpower in the country in area of electronics and undertaking R&D projects for development of nano devices/ systems / sub-systems for various applications. Following are the highlights of efforts made in this direction:-
Centres of Excellence in Nanoelectronics - Phase I and Phase II: a joint project between IISc, Bangalore and IIT Bombay
The initiation of Centre for Excellence in Nanoelectronics project (CEN) at IISc and IIT-B by DeitY during XI Plan was very successful in establishing the state-of-the-art nanofabrication facilities of international standards at the two institutions and providing a catalyst for ambitious research initiatives in area of Nanoelectronics. The project CEN Phase II is a natural extension of CEN and was initiated in January 2012 to be jointly implemented by IISc Bangalore and IIT Bombay to accelerate research and development activities in new areas of nanoelectronics, nano-materials and nano-structures and integrated sensor system, and to generate a critical mass of highly trained manpower to propel these areas.
Indian Nanoelectronics User Programme Phase I and Phase II (INUP Phase II) at IIT Bombay and IISc, Bangalore
A unique joint major project entitled "Indian Nanoelectronics Users Program (INUP)" was launched during XI Plan to avail the CEN facilities created at IISc and IIT-B to researchers from all over the country for experimental research using nanofabrication. The major highlights of the project include the following: Imparting a hands-on training in nanoelectronics, assistance in research by enabling execution of work of external users at these centres, collaborating with research teams from other Indian centres to develop joint programs in nanoelectronics, provide a platform to researchers in Nanoelectronics to come together and benefit from complimentary expertise and conduct regular workshops for a wider dissemination of knowledge in Nanoelectronics. In addition to this, human resources are being created in all the R&D projects under this programme. During INUP Phase I, 2311manpower was trained, 10 patents were filed, 182 research papers published and 134 Ph.D thesis were supported under the programme. INUP Assessment Committee appreciated the project outcome.
INUP Phase II was initiated in March 2014 at the CENs of IISc Bangalore and IIT Bombay to continue to facilitate and support the generation of expertise and knowledge in Nanoelectronics through participation by external users in INUP and their utilization of the facilities established at the Centres of Excellence in Nanoelectronics (CEN) at IISc and IITB. The reach of INUP will be extended to a larger number of researchers through a variety of new and expanded initiatives for advanced training and research. Under INUP Phase II, around 400 researchers will be trained every year on nanofabrication at the CENs. .
Research Initiative on Non-Silicon based Technologies for Nanofabrication and Nanoscale Devices at IIT Delhi
This project involves setting up of a nanofabrication facility at IIT Delhi and its use for developing Nanofabrication processes and their use for making non-silicon nanoscale devices. The project also aims building and demonstration of select device prototypes in specific research areas.
Centre for Excellence in Research and Development of Nanoelectronic Theranostic Devices at IIT Guwahati
The aim of the Centre is to develop facilities for fabrication and characterization of micro/nano electronic devices aiming applications in Theranostics (a combined terminology for therapeutics and diagnostics) with focus on the development of surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, MEMS/NEMS prototypes, and FET devices applicable for (i) pathogen detection (ii) diagnostic tools for biochemical assays (iii) diseases such as pancreatitis (iv) markers for cancer diagnosis and (v) sensor for whole cell detection etc. Esophageal, hypo pharyngeal and oral cancers are common, probably due to the habit of consumption of betel-nut (Areca nut) and higher use of alkaline food, in the North East, India. The Centre will provide the new opportunities to the researchers of North Eastern region and will cater the local needs by the development of low cost health and agriculture sensors.
Centre for Nanoelectromechanical Systems (NEMS) and Nanophotonics at IIT Madras
Under the project, a Centre for Nano-electromechanical Systems (NEMS) and Nanophotonics has been set-up. Centre is pursuing R&D to achieve the following Specific components/ devices / subsystems/ systems:
- Piezo-electric on Si NEMS Resonator
- Biomolecular Detection System using Silicon/ Silicon Nitride Nanoresonator and Nanoporous membrane based particle sensor
- Nanophotonics components/ systems based on Silicon on Insulator (SOI)
- Nanophotonics components/ systems based on GaAs/ AlGaA
- Lamellar gratings for Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (FTS) Systems
- Development of Near Field Ultrasonic Nano-Scopy (NFUN) System
The aim of the project is to promote Nanotechnology in areas of health, food safety, communication and material science.
Nano Fabrication Prototyping Facilities for SMEs and Start-ups in the area of MEMS & NEMS at IIT Bombay
The main aim of the project is to set-up a Centre for Prototyping and Testing of Nano-Sensors and to provide a facility to fabricate and manufacture Nano-Scale devices by Incubator Companies, Industry participants, researchers at IIT Bombay & other academic institutions including other government agencies. Such a facility will enable these entities to take their products from research labs to the market. The project is expected to produce the products for health care and environment monitoring.
Nano-metrology at National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi
Calibration facilities for the measurement of electrical parameters such as voltage, current, resistance and charge in nano range have been established to serve as a national facility in NPL, New Delhi.
Development of MBE Cluster Tools for the epitaxial growth at IIT Kharagpur
MBE cluster tool based epitaxial nano-semiconductor infrastructure facility has been established for high performance RF/Microwave compound semiconductor heterostructure nano-devices on silicon for common user access. This project concentrate on developing Ge rich SiGe process on Si, Arsenide process (GaAs) on Si, Phosphide process (InP) on Si and Nitride process (GaN) on silicon.
R&D work has been continued at various institutes in the sponsored projects in the areas of Quantum-semiconductor-glass-nanocomposites, Graphene based gas sensors, Nano silver oxide doped/ mixed with gold and copper for ultrahigh density storage devices, III/ V compound semiconductor based quantum dots technology, Growth and characterization of semiconducting Single Wall Carbon Nano Tubes (SWCNTs), Multi-functional magnetic nano particulates for cancer therapy, High performance RF/Microwave compound semiconductor hetrostructure nano-devices on silicon, Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems (NEMS) and Nanophotonics components/devices, nano-materials and nano-structures for photovoltaics, neuroelectronics, futuristic memory (charge trap and nano-crystal flash memories) and logic devices (tunnel FETs, molecular electronics, and spintronics), micro and nano sensors (cantilever, optical and polymer based), integrated sensor systems, Nanomagnetics, Nanophotonics,Nanophotovoltaics, Nanoelectronics, Nanomechanism, Biosensors, Mesoscale Devices.