In accordance with the provision contained under Section 48(1) of the IT Act 2000, the Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal (CRAT) has been established in October 2006. The Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal after the amendment of the IT Act in the year 2008 (which came into effect on 27.10.2009) is known as the Cyber Appellate Tribunal (CAT). As per the IT Act, any person aggrieved by an order made by the Controller of Certifying Authorities, or by an adjudicating officer under this Act may prefer an appeal before the Cyber Appellate Tribunal. This Tribunal is headed by a Chairperson who is appointed by the Central Government by notification as provided under Section 49 of the IT Act 2000.
Before the amendment of the IT Act in the year 2009, the Chairperson was known as the Presiding Officer. Provision has been made in the amended Act for the Tribunal to comprise a Chairperson and such number of other members as the Central Government may notify / appoint.
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