Internet Proliferation & Governance


Internet Governance, broadly defined, is the development and application by Governments, the private sector and civil society, in their respective roles, of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programs that shape the evolution and use of the Internet. It covers activities such as development and coordination of technical standards, operation of critical infrastructure and public policy issues.

Conceptually Internet Governance includes following layers

  • Physical Infrastructure layer
  • Code or Logical layer
  • Content layer
  • Security

Internet Governance involves Internet Protocol Addressing (IP Addressing), Domain Name System (DNS), Routing, Technical Innovations, Standardization, Security, Public Policy, Privacy, Legal Issues, Cyber Norms, Intellectual Property and taxation

Our Approach: India supports a multi-stakeholder approach in matters on Internet Governance. On matters relating to national security, Government will continue to have supreme right and control. India’s strength in the sector is its industry and human resource which can be leveraged in a multi-stakeholder approach. Multi-stakeholder approach will also align with our investment strategy for Digital India and will help India in participation in the multi-billion dollar business opportunity of Internet industry.

Workshop on Engaging with ICANN- May 17, 2016 at New Delhi

Some of the significant achievement of DeitY: includes representation of India’s Public Policy Concerns on global platform, Awareness on Internet Governance, Encouraging greater participation in Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Working groups and Engagement with Internet Society (ISOC), Promotion of Multistakeholder model of Internet Governance within India etc.

Engagement in International Forums/Meetings: DeitY continues to engage/participate in Several Global meetings like Internet Governance Forum (IGF), WSIS+10 review meeting ( Recently UNGA WSIS+10 High Level Meeting which took place on 15-16 December 2015 at the UN Headquarters in New York), Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre meetings (APNIC) { Dr. Ajay Kumar, AS, DeitY is the elected NRO-NC member from APNIC region}, etc.

Engagement with ICANN: DeitY is closely monitoring all the activity of ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) and participating through GAC (Governmental Advisory Committee) and other public engagement. The GAC's key role is to provide advice to ICANN on issues of public policy, and especially where there may be an interaction between ICANN's activities or policies and national laws or international agreements. DeitY is also providing views/comments on IANA Stewardship transition and Enhancing ICANN Accountability tracks.

Submission of India to various international forums/discussions can be accessed at

Multistakeholder Consultations: India has supported for multi-stakeholder model of Internet Governance Mechanisms, which would involve all stakeholders and help to preserve the character of the Internet as a unified, dynamic engine for innovation, and which encourage equity and inclusion. A series of Multistakeholder consultations/ roundtable meetings are being organized by Department of Electronics & Information Technology in collaboration with National Internet Exchange of India. There have been 9 Multistakeholder consultation meetings till December 2015. Topics of the consultation include technical and policy related issues with respect to Internet Governance likeWHOIS related issues, The New Generic Top Level Domain Programme – Opportunities and Challenges for India , IANA Stewardship and CCWG Accountability, WSIS+10 Review etc.

This Multistakeholder Consultation is open to all stakeholders. Any interested stakeholder may participate in such consultation. More information on participation may be found on

The Research, Development and awareness agenda that have been undertaken in this area include:

(a) Capacity Development Program for Increased India’s Participation in IETE by Internet Society Kolkata Chapter :

Exposes and encourages participation in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) process from all states in India and creates connections between new and established open Internet standards developers. Awareness camps & seminars have been conducted to provide awareness and opportunities for fellows to participate in the global Internet ecosystem and to interact and engage with the broader Internet engineering community.

(b) Wireless Internet Protocol enabled time slotted and channel hopping Senor Network (WIPSeN) jointly by C-DAC, Thiruvananthapuram and IISc Bangalore

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has set up the 6TiSCH group to focus on enabling IPv6 over the Time Slotted Channel Hoping (TSCH) mode of the IEEE 802.15.4e standard. There is immense scope for participating and contributing to the IETF standardization effort for the emerging 6TiSCH architecture which focus real time applications using low power wireless sensor networks, mainly for the industries.

The main activities envisaged in the project are:

  • Active participation in the IETF draft proposals in terms of Providing feedback to the 6TiSCH working group discussions through the implementation / experimentation in lab set-up
  • Setting up of a 6TiSCH testbed facility for emulating realistic environments to evaluate the proposed architectures and IETF drafts and developing additional protocol specifications based on the inputs from the IETF WG members, end users comprising of industry, R&D groups and academic community, evaluate their functionality and performance on the testbed.
  • Conducting 6TiSCH workshops to highlight the various activities of the IETF WG and demonstrate the working implementation of related IETF standards to enhance adoption of the same.

(c) An Ecosystem for Active Participation in Internet Standard Organizations implementing by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing(C-DAC), Bangalore:

The primary objective is to get involved in the process of Internet Standard development by developing internal competencies and propose & contribute to select areas of Internet Security. Create and foster focus groups to work on specific technical issues of interest concerning Internet Standards, propose new standards and contribute to ongoing drafts in areas related to Internet Security, Encouraging direct participation in the meetings of the Internet organisations, Engage with academic community (students and faculty), industry and civil society for their participation and contributions towards the Internet organizations, Scholarships & fellowships for deserving candidates to encourage participation in IETF activities, Prepare for conduction of an IETF or similar such meetings in India in future.

(d) Internet Research & Policy Hub- Centre for Communication Governance at National Law University, Delhi

The Centre for Communication Governance (CCG) aims to direct its research expertise at filling the knowledge gaps in internet policy clusters identified by the 2014 UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) mapping report, with a view to build capacity and inform policymaking among Indian stakeholders. The UNCSTD carried out a mapping and gap analysis of international public policy issues pertaining to the Internet. The mapping document included the following clusters relating to international Internet public policy issues:

  • Infrastructure and standardization cluster
  • Security cluster
  • Human Rights cluster
  • Legal cluster
  • Economic cluster
  • Development cluster
  • Sociocultural cluster

In this regard, policy papers are being prepared on the above as well as on the following:

  • To formulate a draft legislation/regulation for improvement in the operation of Country Code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs) including delegation and re-delegation of ccTLDs to feed into the work of the GAC;
  • Potential uses of new gTLD auction Proceeds;
  • Cybercrime and the international law framework, including recommendations on what the Indian approach could be;
  • The implications of crypto-currencies, and broad recommendations on national and international frameworks;