Role of Government

The IT infrastructures significance to the country has gained visibility in the recent years due to cyber attacks and rapid growth in identity theft and financial frauds. These events have made it increasingly clear that the security of the IT infrastructure has become a key strategic interest to the Government. Although the industry now making investments in security-related infrastructure, their actions are directed primarily at short-term efforts driven by market demands to address immediate security problems.

The Government has a different but equally important role to play in cyber security assurance in the form of long-term strategies. In this direction, the deliberations of the National Information Board (NIB), National Security Council (NSC) have stressed the importance of a national strategy on cyber security, development of national capabilities for ensuring adequate protection of critical information infrastructures including rapid response and remediation to security incidents, long term investments in infrastructure facilities, capacity building and R&D. Governments responsibilities in long-term investment and fundamental research will enable development of new concepts, technologies, infrastructure prototypes, and trained personnel needed to spur on next-generation security solutions.

Government leadership catalyzes activities of strategic importance to the Nation. In cyber security assurance, such leadership can energize a broad collaboration with private-sector partners and stakeholders to generate fundamental technological advances in the security of the Nations IT infrastructure. First, in support of national and economic security, the Government should identify the most dangerous classes of cyber security assurance threats to the Nation, the most critical IT infrastructure vulnerabilities, and the most difficult cyber security assurance problems. Second, the Government can use these findings to develop and implement a coordinated R&D effort focused on the key research needs that can only be addressed with such leadership. While these needs will evolve over time, this Cyber Security Strategy provides a starting point for such an effort.

Public-private partnership is a key component of Cyber Security Strategy. These partnerships can usefully confront coordination problems. They can significantly enhance information exchange and cooperation. Public-private engagement will take a variety of forms and will address awareness, training, technological improvements, vulnerability remediation, and recovery operations.

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